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Volume-2, Issue-10 September 18, 2015
Volume-2, Issue-10 September 18, 2015
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Volume-2 Issue-10, September 2015, ISSN: 2347-6389 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd.

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Yadnesh V. Vichare, V. G. Sayagavi, N. G. Gore, Trupti Narkhede

Paper Title:

Comparative Study Between Hollow Steel Structures and Conventional Steel Structures

Abstract: This study report showing the comparative study carried out between Conventional Steel Section (CSS)/open section and Hollow Steel Sections (HSS). The aim of the study is to evaluate economic importance of HSS in contrast with CSS. The approach used in order to accomplish the objective to which includes comparison of industrial building frame for various combinations of span, crane loads and material cross-section for given loading conditions. Design and analysis of industrial shed with truss and supporting column and check for both sections is made with draft code IS 800:2007 for LSM of given problem. The analysis and design phase of the project was performed using STAAD PRO V8i. The sample results of STAAD analysis were validated with the results of Manual analysis. 

Hollow Steel Sections, Conventional Steel sections, STAAD PRO V8i, Tubular Sections, Open Section


1.        IS: 800-2007, General Construction in Steel
2.        IS:806-1968, Use of hollow section for general construction in Steel Material
3.        IS: 4923-1997, Hollow section specification
4.        IS: 1161- 1998, Steel tubes for Structural Purpose specifications
5.        IS : 875 (Part 1) – 1987, Dead Loads
6.        IS : 875 (Part 2) – 1987, Imposed Loads
7.        IS : 875 (Part 3) – 1987, Wind Loads
8.        SP38 (S and T) - 1987, Handbook of typified designs of structures with steel roof trusses (with or without cranes) based on IS Codes (1987)
9.        Vaibhav V. Chavan, Vikas Nimbalkar, Abhishek P. Jaiswal, “Economic Evaluation of Open and Hollow Sections in Industrial Trusses” IJIRSET(2014)
10.     “M.G.Kalyanshetti, G.S. Mirajkar, Comparison between Conventional Steel Structures and Tubular Steel Structures” IJERA(2012).
11.     CIDECT (International Committee for the Development and Study of Tubular Construction)




Prashant S. Kilche, V. G. Sayagavi, N. G. Gore, P. J. Salunke

Paper Title:

Optimum Cost Design of Raft Foundation

Abstract: The mat foundation is basically one large continuous footing upon which the building rests. In this case, the total gross bearing pressure at the mat soil interface cannot exceed the allowable bearing strength of the soil. The system is used when the soil bearing capacity is low, and it may prove to be more economical when more than about one-half of the plan area of a building is required for single footings; it also provides a uniform excavation depth. The present investigation deals with the economically optimized and sensitivity design of raft foundation, in which sensitive  part mainly depends upon geotechnical aspects, i.e. bearing capacity and settlement of the underlying soil. The algorithm handles the problem-specific constraints using a internal penalty function approach. The optimization procedure controls all geotechnical and structural design constraints to assure that the structure will not overturn and that stresses in the raft foundation and soil do not exceed the strength of the respective materials while reducing the overall cost of the structures. The cost of the raft foundation has been considered as the objective function and the design requirements have been imposed as side and behavioural constraints. The model is analyzed and design by using MATLAB software. Optimization is formulated is in nonlinear programming problem (NLPP) by using sequential unconstrained minimization technique (SUMT).

Raft foundation, Optimum cost design.


1.        Advance R.C.C. Design’ by S.S. Bhavekatti
2.        ‘Reinforced Concrete Structures’ by Dr. B. C. Punmia, Ashok Jain Firewall Media.
3.        “Engineering Optimization” by S.S. Rao
4.        Reinforced concrete structures by Dr I.C Sayal & Dr A.K.Goyal
5.        “Design optimization of reinforced concrete structures” Andres Guerra and Panos D. Kiousis
6.        Optimization in Structural design” N. G. R. Iyengar
7.        “Efficient topology optimization in MATLAB using 88lines of code” Erik Andreessen and Anders Clausen
8.        “Optimal Cost Design Of Rigid Raft Foundation” P. K. Basudhar, A. Das, S. K. Das, A. Dey, K. Deb and S. De
9.        “Optimal Cost-Analysis and Design of Circular Footings” K. Basudhar, Arindam Dey, and A. S. Mondal
10.     “Cost Optimization of Combined Footings Using Modified Complex Method of Box” Muhammad Rizwan, Bashir Alam, Faisal Ur Rehman, Noreema Masud, Khan Shahza and Tabinda Masud
11.     District Schedule Rate (Raigad Region).
12.     IS 2950:1981 (Part-1) design and construction of raft foundations -code of practice
13.     IS 8009:1976 (Part-1) calculation of settlement of foundation - code of practice
14.     IS 1904:1986 design and construction of foundations in soil - code of practice
15.     IS 456:2000 plain and reinforced concrete -code of practice




Benjamin Choy Kai Ghit, Li Fang, Song Liting, Kwek Jia Long

Paper Title:

Prediction of Health Conditions with Dermatoglyphic Palm Pattern Prints

Abstract: There exists a close relation between the dermatoglyphic patterns of palms and the health condition of an individual, and hence a plausible prognosis. This builds upon the overall physical façade of the palm in giving a synoptic overview on an individual’s state of health. The applications for palm prints in the area of biometric identification and security are myriad, and in recent years, its research and utilisation in health sciences has burgeoned. This paper aims to provide the research process, analysis and findings on the prognosis of some existing health conditions, such as schizophrenia, intellectual disability, and liver disease; based on the analyses of palm prints. The image processing and classification methods employed work on features like the palm patterns, lines, ridges, shape and colouration. For the purpose of this paper, work done is focused on the lines and colouration of palms. The applications and analyses could also serve as a rudimentary development guide for future enhancements.

Dermatoglyphic palm pattern prints, Health condition,Histogram equalization, Image recognition.


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3.       M Cannon, M Byrne, D Cotter, P Sham, C Larkin, E O'Callaghan, “Further evidence for anomalies in the hand-prints of patients with schizophrenia: a study of secondary creases,” Schizophrenia Research, vol. 13 no. 2, pp. 179-184, 1994.
4.       Rosa A, Gutiérrez B, Guerra A, Arias B, Fañanás L, “Dermatoglyphics and abnormal palmar flexion creases as markers of early prenatal stress in children with idiopathic intellectual disability,” J. Intellectual Disability Research, vol. 45 no. 5, pp. 416-423, 2001.
5.       Harry A. Walker, “A dermatoglyphic study of autistic patients,” J. Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 11-21, 1977.
6.       Fogle T, “Using dermatoglyphics from down syndrome and class populations to study the genetics of a complex trait,” in Tested Studies for Laboratory Teaching, Eleventh Workshop, vol. 11, ch. 8, pp. 129-150.
7.       Mary McMahon, O. Wallace, “What Is Palmistry?,” Internet:, 19 February, 2014 [10 March, 2014].
8.       Human skin. Wikipedia. [Online], 22 August, 2015 [11 March, 2015].
9.       MD, David J. Leffell.Your Skin Is a Window to Your Health. Internet:, 2000. [11 March, 2015].
10.     Elizabeth Howell “Why Do Humans Have Palm Lines?,” Internet:, 21 May 2013 [14 March 2015].
11.     Neil K. Kaneshiro “Simian Crease,” Internet:, 5 October 2013 [14 March 2015].
12.     International Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand “Chapter 5: Atlas of Surface Anatomy and Joint Motion,” Internet:, Unknown Published Date [14 March 2015].
13.     Institute of Mental Health, “Schizophrenia,” Internet:, Unknown Published Date [14 March 2015].
14.     Wikipedia, “Schizophrenia,” Internet:, 13 March 2014 [14 March 2015].
16.     Wikipedia, “Intellectual Disability,” Internet:, 4 March 2014 [18 March 2015].
17.     WebMD, “Intellectual Disability (Mental Retardation),“ Internet:, Unknown Published Date [18 March 2015].
18.     American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, “FAQs on Intellectual Disability,” Internet:, Unknown Published Date [19 March 2015].
19.     R. S. Bali and R. Chaube. (1971). Application and Methodological Perspectives in Dermatoglyphics. Pp. 75-78. [Online]
20.     BabyCentre, “Newborn baby tests and checks,” Internet:, Unknown Published Date [20 March 2015].
21.     Dr Colin Tidy, “Neonatal Examination,” Internet:, 25 May 2013 [20 March 2015].
22.     So just how healthy are you? It's all written in your hands. Dailymail. Internet:, 30 September, 2008 [17 March, 2015].
23.     Chen-Xia Wang. 生命密之二_与健康相关. 王晨霞.s.l.: China Academic Electronic Publishing House, 1994-2012.
24.     Chen-Xia Wang.王晨霞.代掌纹诊图谱. s.l. : 广西科学技, 2000.
25.     R. C. Gonzalez, R. E. Woods.Digital Image Processing (Second Edition). New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc., 200.
26.     Camera Histograms: Luminosity & Colour. Cambridge in colour. Internet:, [21 March 2015].
27.     Histogram equalization with Python and NumPy. Internet:, 7 June, 2009 [11 March, 2015].
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29.     Li F, and Leung K. H. M, “Hierarchical Identification of Palmprint using Line-based Hough Transform,” ICPR 4, pp. 149-152. IEEE Computer Society, 2006.
30.     Song L. Vein Matching Enhancement. Nanyang Technological University, School of Computer Engineering, 2014. Unpublished.
31.     Kwek, JL. Predicting Health Conditions with Palm Prints. Nanyang Technological University, School of Computer Engineering, 2014. Unpublished.




Purabi Deb Choudhury, Parag Dutta

Paper Title:

A Two Warehouse Inventory Model for Deteriorating Items with Cubic Demand,      Quadratic Holding Cost and Variable Backlogging Rate

Abstract: This paper deals with a two warehouse inventory model for decaying items in which demand is taken to be cubic function of time, holding cost is assumed to be quadratic function of time, backlogging rate is variable and depends on the length of the waiting time for next replenishment. Shortages are allowed in the owned warehouse. Holding cost in rented warehouse is higher than that of own warehouse. Finally the model is solved mathematically and profit maximization technique is used to illustrate the system.

Inventory, Own warehouse, Rented warehouse, Cubic demand, Quadratic holding cost


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6.       Bellman, E, and Zadeh, L.A (1970).Decesion making in a fuzzy environment. Management Science17 (4):B141-B164
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10.     Haringa. M.A (1995), Effects of inflation and time-value of money of an inventory model on an inventory model with time-dependent demand rate and shortages, E.J.O.R, 81(3), 512-520.
11.     Hartely, R. V. (1976), Operations Research-a managerial emphasis, Goodyear publishing Company, 315-317.
12.     Kar, S., Bhunia, A. K. and Maiti, M. (2001), Deterministic inventory model with two levels of storage, a linear trend in demand and a fixed time horizon, Computers and Operations Research, 28, 1315-1331.
13.     Lee, C. C. and Ma, C. Y. (2000), Optimal inventory policy for deteriorating items with two warehouse and time dependent demands, Production Planning And Control, 7, 689-696.
14.     Mondal, M and Maiti, M.(1999),Inventory of damageable items with variable replenishment rate, stock-dependent demand and some units in hand, Applied Mathematical Modelling,23(1999),pp.799-807.
15.     Mondal, B., Bhunia, A.K. and Maiti, M. (2007), A model on two storage inventory system under stock dependent selling rate incorporating marketing decisions and transportation cost with optimal release rule, Tamsui Oxford Journal of Mathematical Sciences, vol-23(3), 243-267.
16.     Mahapatra, N.K. and Maiti, M. (2005), Multi objective inventory models of multi items with quality and stock dependent demand and stochastic deterioration, Advanced Modelling and Optimization.7, 1, 69-84.
17.     Pakkala, T.P.M. and Achary, K.K. (1992), A deterministic inventory model for deteriorating items with two warehouse and finite replenishment rate, European Journal of Operational Research,57, 71-76.
18.     Panda, S, Saha, S. and Basu,M.(2007),An EOQ model with generalized ramp-type demand and Weibull distribution deterioration, Asia Pacific Journal of Operational Research, 24(1),1-17.
19.     Sana, S, and Chaudhuri, K.S (2008),  A deterministic EOQ model with delays in payments and price-discounts offer, E.J.O.R, 184,504-533. 
20.     Sharma, K. V. S. (1983), A deterministic inventory model with two levels of storage and an optimum release rule, Opsearch, 29, 175-180.
21.     Sharma, K. V. S. (1987), A deterministic order-level inventory model for deteriorating items with Two storage facilities, European Journal of Operational Research, 29, 70-72.
22.     Wu, K.S, Ouyang, L.Y.and Yang, C.T. (2006), An optimal Replenishment policy for non-instantaneous deteriorating items with stock dependent demand and partial backlogging, I.J.P.E, 101-369-384
23.     Yadav.A.S and Swami.A. (2013),A two-warehouse inventory model for decaying items with exponential demand and variable holding cost, IJIES
24.     Yadav .R.K and Vats .A.K. (2014), A deteriorating inventory model for quadratic demand and constant holding cost with partial backlogging and inflation,IOSR
25.     Yang, H.L (2004). Two-warehouse inventory models for deteriorating items with shortages under inflation, European Journal of Operational Research, 157, 344-356.
26.     Yang, H.L (2006). Two-warehouse partial backlogging inventory models for deteriorating items under inflation, International Journal of Production Economics, 103, 362-370.
27.     Zimmermann, H.J (1991).Fuzzy set theory and its applications Kluwer Academic Press: Dordrecht.
28.     Zhou, Y.W. and Yang, S.L. (2003), A two-warehouse inventory model for items with stock-level-dependent demand rate, International Journal of Production Economics, 95, 215-228.




Md. Shofiqul Islam, Tanvir Muntasir, Shuvomoy Das Gupta

Paper Title:

Analytical Modeling of Electrical Characteristics of Low Bandgap Graphene Nanoribbon FET

Abstract: In this paper analytical modeling for the electrical characteristics of low bandgap graphene nanoribbon field effect transistor (GNR-FET) has been presented. This analytical modeling is based on the two-dimensional Poisson’s equation in the weak nonlocality approximation. At first, analytical formula for spatial distribution of electric potential along the channel of low bandgap GNR-FET has been derived. Then using the channel potential, an expression of drain current of low bandgap GNR-FET is developed. The potential distribution and current are expressed in terms of device parameters and applied voltages. Spatial potential has been investigated with different levels of gate voltage, gate length and drain voltage. Similarly, the current has been investigated with different applied voltages. It shows that drain current is controlled by applied voltages hence the device might be applicable in digital and analog circuits. This work of analytical modeling would be helpful for analyzing the device and optimizing the parameters to improve its performance.

analytical modeling, graphene nanoribbon, GNR-FET, spatial potential, low bandgap.


1.       Shazia Hassan, Humaira, and Mamoona Asghar, “Limitation of silicon based computation and future prospects,” in Proc. ICCSN’10, 2010.
2.       A. K. Geim and K. S. Novoselov, “The rise of graphene,” Nat. Mater., vol. 6, 2007, p. 183.
3.       Niraj K. Jha and Deming Chen, Nanoelectronic Circuit Design, Springer, 2011, pp. 349–376.
4.       V. Ryzhii, M. Ryzhii, A. Satou, and T.Otsuji, “Current-voltage characteristics of a graphene-nanoribbon field-effect transistor,” J. Appl. Phys., vol. 103, 2008, p. 094510.
5.       V. V. Cheianov and V. I. Fal'ko, "Selective transmission of Dirac electrons and bassistic magnetoresistance of n-p junctions in graphene," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 74, 2006, p. 041403.
6.       A. Ossipov, M. Titov, and C. W. J. Beenakker, "Reentrance effect in a graphene n-p-n junction coupled to a superconductor," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 75, 2007, p. 241401.
7.       Victor Ryzhii, Maxim Ryzhii, and Taiichi Otsuji, “Tunneling current-voltage characteristics of graphene field-effect transistor,” Applied Physics Express, vol. 1, 2008, p. 013001.
8.       Melinda Y. Han, Barbaros Ozyilmaz, Yuanbo Zhang, and Philip Kim, “Energy Band Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons,” PRL 98, 2007,  p. 206805.
9.       A. A. Sukhanov and Yu. Ya. Tkach, “Equation for the surface potential distribution in two-dimensional layer systems,” Sov. Phys. Semicond., vol. 18, 1984, p. 797.
10.     V. I. Ryzhii and I. I. Khmyrova, "Current crowding effect in hot-electron heterostructure transistors," Sov. Phys. Semicond., vol. 22, 1988, p. 807.




S. S. Dange, S. N. Dange, P. S. More

Paper Title:

Synthesis of ZnO Nanorods by Precipitation Method

Abstract: Zinc oxide nanorods were synthesized from zinc nitrate and ammonia solution by precipitation method assisted by microwave irradiation. The molarity of the bath solution was varied as 0.05M and 0.075M. The pH of the bath solution was varied as 7.5 and 8.0 for both the molarities and all samples were annealed at 250ºC. The nanorods were obtained from 0.075M zinc nitrate solution at pH 7.5. The structural and optical properties of the nanorods were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The thermal characteristics was carried out by Thermo gravimetric and Differential thermal analyzer (TG-DTA) .The obtained  nanorods shows length of 250-400 nm and diameter in the range of 45-60 nm. XRD pattern of ZnO nanorods shows hexagonal wurtzite structure with preferred (101) growth direction. The ZnO nanorods have UV absorption  at  367.14 nm  and  the  corresponding  energy band gap is  3.37eV.

Zinc oxide, Precipitation method, Nanorods, Morphology


1.       P. Kumar, L. S. Panchakarla, S. V. Bhat,U.Maitra, K. S. Subrahmanyam, and C. N. R. Rao, “Photoluminescence, white light emitting properties and related aspects of ZnO nanoparticles admixed with graphene and GaN,” Nanotechnology, vol. 21, no. 38, Article ID 385701, 2010.
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7.       Y. Hames, Z. Alpaslan, A. K¨osemen, S. E. San, and Y. Yerli, “Electrochemically grown ZnO nanorods for hybrid solar cell applications,” Solar Energy, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 426–431, 2010.
8.       P. Sharma, K. Sreenivas, and K. V. Rao, “Analysis of ultraviolet photoconductivity in ZnO films prepared by unbalancedmagnetron sputtering,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 93,no. 7, pp. 3963–3970, 2003.
9.       P. V. Kamat, R. Huehn, and R. Nicolaescu, “A “sense and shoot” approach for photocatalytic degradation of organic contaminants in water,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 106, no. 4, pp. 788–794, 2002.
10.     S.K. Chong, C.F. Dee and S.A Rahman, “Structural and photoluminescence studies on catalytic growth of silicon/zinc oxide heterostructure nanowires.” J. Nano Letters, 8 (2013) 174
11.     William L. Hughes and Zhong L. Wang, “Controlled synthesis and manipulation of ZnO nanorings and nanobows”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 043106 (2005)
12.     Zhiyong Fan and Jia G. Lu, “Zinc Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis and Properties”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 757 (2002).
13.     P. K. Giri, S. Bhattacharyya, B. Chetia, Satchi Kumari, Dilip K. Singh, and P. K. Iyer, “High-Yield Chemical Synthesis of Hexagonal ZnO Nanoparticles and Nanorods with Excellent Optical Properties”, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Vol. 11, 1–6, 2011
14.     S.S.Dange,S.N.Dange,P.S.More. “Synthesis of Almond-like ZnO microcrystals by Chemical Bath Deposition method at room temperature.”International Journal Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. vol.4,Issue 8,August 2015.
15.     Jun Zhang, Yongdong Yang, Baolong Xu, FeihongJiang, Jianping Li. “ Shape controlled synthesis of ZnO nano-and micro- structures.” Journal of Crystal Growth. 280 (2005) 509-515
16.     Yusuf V.Kaneti, Jeffrey Yue, Xuchuan Jiang and Aibing Yu. “Controllable Synthesis of Zno Nanoflakes with Exposed (1010) for Enhanced Gas Sensing Performance. The Journal Of Physical Chemistry.2013, 117(25) : 13153-13162
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Vinay Prakash, B S Premananda

Paper Title:

Design and Development of Communication Access Terminal and Radio Interface Unit of VoIP Based Advanced Integrated Communication System

Abstract: The advancements in embedded systems with mixed signal technology have not only benefited various civil applications but also defence, especially in communications and networking. ICS is an integrated communication system developed for Naval ships to cater to their onboard external communication requirements. It consists of various types of radios to be interfaced by using generic gateways along with the User Access Terminals to enable communication from. ICS system and its interfaces got evolved along with the available technologies. The development of ICS started during early 80’s, initially with a centralized switching based system with analog based terminals. During late 90’s, utilizing the 10Mbps LAN technology for both voice and data, ICS MK-II was developed. There a generic microcontroller based User Terminal was developed to combine the functionalities of various terminals. Now in a pursuit to upgrade the existing system, an IP based system called AICS is being developed to satisfy all the basic and emerging communication requirements of Navy. Communication Access Terminal (CAT) and Radio Interface Unit (RIU) are the two main units being designed for providing user’s and radio’s audio and data interface respectively to Ethernet network, enabling communication through VOIP sessions. This project focuses on design and development of upgraded Interface and Switching Board (ISB) for final prototypes of CAT and RIU

Keywords: This project focuses on design and development of upgraded Interface and Switching Board (ISB) for final prototypes of CAT and RIU


1.       Op-amp and Linear Integrated Circuits: Gayakwad
2.       Electronic devices and circuits: David A. Bell
3.       Micrpprocessor and interfacing: Douglas V Hall
4.       Fundamental of broadband network:  Ulysses Black
5.       VOIP Fundamentals: Cisco Press
6.       VOIP Network testing: Agilent Technologies
7.       Advanced Linux Programming: Mitchell Jeffrey
8.       Essential Linux Device Drivers: Sreekrishnan
9.       RFC-2543
10.     RFC-3550
11.     Perkins, K. Evans, D. Pascal, and L. Thorpe, “Characterizing the subjective performance of the ITU-T 8 kb/s speech coding algorithm ITU-T G.729,” IEEE  Commun. Mag., vol. 35, pp. 74–81, Sept. 1997.
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